Hazardous goods international transportation

Опасные грузы

Hazardous goods are items, substances or liquids that pose a potential threat to human health or property.

Transportation of dangerous goods must be arranged in compliance with the special regulations, which are governed by the UN, the IATA and the International Maritime Organization.

These rules determine how dangerous goods must be handled, packaged, marked and transported.

Hazardous cargo: classification

There are nine classes of hazardous goods.

Class 1: explosives

Класс 1: Взрывчатые вещества и материалы

Materials that ignite or explode easily due to a chemical reaction. They cause catastrophic damage by emitting enormous amounts of gas, heat and light.

Class 1.1: Mass explosion hazard. Entire cargo can be destroyed almost instantly.

Class 1.2: Projection hazard only. May cause projection of explosives’ contents.

Class 1.3: Fire hazard and minor blast or minor projection hazard.

Class 1.4: Minimal hazard. Cannot cause an explosion of entire contents of package or a projection.

Class 1.5: Blasting agents. Materials intended for blasting, not otherwise classified as an explosive.

Class 1.6: Very insensitive detonating articles. Low flammability potential, no explosion hazard.

Class 1 dangerous goods: ammunition, fireworks, pyrotechnics, signal flares, detonators, fuses, igniters, TNT, cyclonite, PETN.


Class 2: Gases

Класс 2: Газы

Substances that convert to gas at 20 °C and normal atmospheric pressure, substances with a 300 kPa or higher vapor pressure of 300 kPa at 50 °C, as well as objects that contain these substances.

Class 2.1: Flammable gases. Ignite when contacting with a fire source (acetylene or hydrogen).

Class 2.2: Non-flammable, non-toxic gases. Cryogenic gaseous substances and liquids with a temperature of -100 °C and below, propellants, liquefied, compressed gases, asphyxiant and oxidizing gases.

Class 2.3: Toxic gases. May injure lungs if inhaled and be fatal.

Class 2 dangerous goods: fire extinguishers, aerosols, gas canisters, insecticides, refrigerants, lighters, acetylene, oxyacetylene, compounds of nitrogen, helium, hydrogen, oxygen, butane, propane, ethane, methane, dimethyl ether, propene, propylene, ethylene.

Class 3: Flammable liquids

Класс 3: Легковоспламеняющиеся жидкости

Highly flammable at 61 °C and above. The upper limit for Class 3 is usually 60 °C, substances are not permitted to be transported at higher temperatures. Flammable liquids are divided into 3 subgroups:

  • with flashpoint below -18 °C;
  • with flashpoint between -18 °C and 23 °С;
  • with flashpoint above 23 °C.

Class 3 dangerous goods: acetone, glue, diesel fuel, paints, varnishes, perfumery products, liquid biofuel, coal tar, oil, gas oil, shale oil, resins, turpentine, urea insecticides, organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides, esters and ethers, benzene, butanol, dichloropropene, diethyl ether, isobutanol, methanol, octanol.

Class 4: Flammable solids

Класс 4: Легковоспламеняющиеся твердые вещества

Emit flammable gases or ignite in contact with water.

Class 4.1: Flammable solids.

  • self-reactive (thermally unstable) materials – flowing substances, substances in the form of a paste, granulated products, powders;
  • desensitized explosives – solid materials that tend to ignite easily from sparks or flames, due to friction.

Class 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion.

Class 4.3: Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases.

Class 4 dangerous goods: alkali metals, metal powders, aluminum phosphide, sodium batteries, lighters, matches, coal, celluloid, cerium, copra, oil fibers, ferrocerium, iron oxide, metaldehyde, nitrocellulose, phosphorus, sulfur.

Class 5: Oxidising agents and organic peroxides

Класс 5: Окислители и органические пероксиды

Вступают в реакцию с органическими пестицидами и кислородом.

Class 5.1: Oxidizing agents. Become reactive due to high oxygen content.

Class 5.2: Organic peroxides. In case of temperature regime disturbance, these substances can decompose, which leads to uncontrolled combustion.

Class 5 dangerous goods: ammonium nitrate fertilizers, chlorates, nitrites, perchlorates, permanganates, persulfates, chemical oxygen generators, etc.

Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances

Класс 6: Токсичные и инфекционные вещества

Могут навредить здоровью людей или животных при неправильных условиях перевозки.

Class 6.1: Toxic substances. May cause death or injury if inhaled, swallowed or applied to skin.

Class 6.2: Infectious substances. Contain pathogenic microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi or other agents that can cause disease.

Class 6 dangerous goods: biomedical waste, biological samples, dyes, carbamate pesticides, alkaloids, allyls, acids, arsenates, arsenites, cyanides, thiols, mercaptans, cresols, barium compounds, compounds of arsenic and beryllium, lead, mercury, nicotine, antimony, ammonium metavanadate, adipodinitrile, chloroform, dichloromethane, hexachlorophene.

Class 7: Radioactive Materials

Класс 7: Радиоактивные материалы

Any material that contains radionuclides with a specific activity of more than 2 nCi/g is ranked as radioactive.

A radionuclide is an atom with an unstable nucleus.

Class 7 dangerous goods: radioactive ores, medical isotopes, uranium concentrate, density measuring devices, radioactive material surface contaminated objects, isotopes of cesium, iridium, americium, radium, uranium and uranium hexafluoride.

GoodLogistics works with hazardous goods of any classes. Our specialists have passed the international IATA certification. You can get advice on shipping of flammable, toxic and other substances by calling 0 800 300 577 or leaving a request in the feedback form.

Class 8: Corrosive substances

Класс 8: Едкие и коррозийные вещества

Destroy or damage living tissues and materials upon contact.

Class 8 dangerous goods: battery acids, mercury, battery fluid, fuel cell cartridges, dyes, fire extinguisher charging fluid, formaldehyde, paints, alkylphenol, amines, polyamines, sulfides, polysulfides, chlorides, chlorosilanes, bromine, cyclohexylamine, hydrochloric, sulfuric, nitric acids, hydrogen fluoride, iodine, morpholine.

Class 9: Other hazardous goods

This section includes hazardous substances and items that do not belong to other classes. These are environmentally hazardous substances, substances that are transported at elevated temperatures, genetically modified organisms, magnetized objects.

Class 9 dangerous goods: dry ice, granular foaming polymer, ammonium nitrate fertilizers, crocidolite, lithium ion batteries, lithium metal batteries, fuel cells, genetically modified organisms, chemical kits, first aid kits, airbag modules, seat belt pretensioners, plastic molding compound, castor bean products, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated terphenyls, dibromodifluoromethane, benzaldehyde.

To order hazardous goods shipping call 0 800 300 577 or leave a request in the feedback form.

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